Background Note

India is the leading producer of food in the world, but the sector is facing problem of controlling post-harvest losses. India is considers as one of the most promising and growing economies in the world and attracted many companies related to agri-business and food business. Therefore, it is important for the stakeholders to adopt the cold chain network practices successfully at par with the developed countries across the globe.

The cold chain is generally considered as the transport and storage chain between the initial production and the final consumer of temperature-controlled perishable goods. However, this is not the only definition, as there are other items carried under temperature control, for example works of art. However, the ICC Summit will focus mostly on transport and storage of perishable foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals. There are many types of cold chain. They can be categorized by carriage mode, commodity-wise or by location and duration of transport. The following table will focus on the segmentation:

The major Indian Industries covered under cold chain are

  1. Agriculture, Horticulture & Floriculture
  2. Dairy
  3. Confectionary
  4. Pharmaceutical
  5. Industrial Chemicals
  6. Poultry and Meat Processing

Air freight is generally limited to goods at chilled or ambient temperatures. Sea containers are universal in their application. Refrigerated ships carry bulk commodities in their holds, though increasingly these ships also carry containers. International land transport by road and/or rail is able to carry almost every product. Local distribution generally excludes the movement of bulk frozen goods. At the present time there are approximately 1300 specialized refrigerated cargo ships, 80,000 refrigerated railcars, 650,000 refrigerated containers and 1.2 million refrigerated trucks in use world-wide. They carry vast amounts of foodstuffs and other perishables, and mostly do so very successfully.

Chief Guest for NCCS 2015
Hon’ble Minister
Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal,
Minister for Food
Processing Industries,
Government of India
Indian Chamber of Commerce, New Delhi
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